PRINCESS TREE, (PAULOWNIA) A GREAT ALLY OF THE PLANET
It is an ornamental, large, leafy tree, originally from China and Spanish named Kiri (Paulownia tomentose, paulownia or imperial), although it is also known as Empress Tree. The genus, originally Pavlovnia but now usually spelled Paulownia, was named in honour of Anna Paulownia, queen consort of The Netherlands (1795–1865), daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia. It is also called “princess tree” for the same reason, but these features are not those that have given special importance to environmental level.
So what is special about this family tree of paulowniaceae belonging to the family of paulowniaceae? His distinctive trait that makes it unique is related to its efficiency when making photosynthesis.
That is, it consumes more carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas, and also produces more oxygen when compared to other trees. A capacity enromes explain their leaves and their peculiar metabolic characteristics.
In numbers, significantly increases the productivity of other trees, but could multiply by ten. Specifically, each day one Paulownia tree captured about 21.7 kilograms of CO2 to become almost 6 kilograms of oxygen.
Its high capacity to oxygenate and refresh the atmosphere adds to your beautiful picture to make it an option for eco-friendly gardens of the polluted cities. Not surprisingly, it is a majestic tree, with great potential for landscaping that, in turn, provides welcome shade, along with many other advantages listed below.
Similarly, Empress Tree plantations are an interesting solution for reforestation. In this case the need for them to develop their glasses all the necessary space is not always respected. A circumstance that also occurs when planted for economic purposes, specifically for obtaining wood leveraging its rapid growth. But when it comes to compete with taller trees, the shade it is very difficult to develop.
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF EMPRESS TREE
In addition to this amazing productivity as a carbon sink and oxygen emitter, despite not belonging to arid areas is a very resistant tree. Both diseases and pests as lack of resources, including poor soil, drought or pollution.
The main reason less affected diseases, among other reasons, is the small proportion of oils and resins containing. Also, it adapts to soils that intensive agriculture has depleted and polluted, while it is revealed as a solution to output contaminated by hydrocarbons or other chemicals as a result of environmental disaster areas.
With the double advantage of converting unviable environmental level spaces and green areas recover their property in a way thanks to the contribution of oxygen and nitrogen. Like any tree prevent erosion, a fortiori where appropriate to have strong roots. Moreover, its deep roots also help soil regeneration, since around a microhabitat in which microorganisms proliferate add richness to the land is created.
In this aspect, especially also it improves soil permeability and water retention. Let us not forget that the potential for water retention is an important factor in the hydrological cycle, not to mention its role in reducing runoff.
Its growth is another aspect worth highlighting. Of all the known species of trees, it holds the record growth rate. In less than a year it can reach 6 meters high, and grows an average of 2 centimetres a day and in just over five years will approach its maximum size.
This growth, not surprisingly, has not gone unnoticed by the industry. In fact, Empress Tree has a host of industrial applications, given in addition to the properties of its wood, which is characterized by light, smooth and very productive. It not bamboo, an environmentally Fires, an enemy of forests, is also quite fends this species. They are not fire retardant; a feature not yet known in the trees, but it does show a huge fire resistance and can survive temperatures up to 435 degrees Celsius.
A TREE TO SAVE THE PLANET
As successful project include the Empress Tree Revolution program, which will soon celebrate a decade of planting this tree in Texas, United States, in order to achieve the goal of reaching one million plantations. Argentina or Mexico, among other countries, is also interested in planting, with various projects underway or budding have proven the suitability of climate for the species to thrive.
Apart from cases of exit, beyond scientific explanations for these ideal characteristics for the current context, -in which climate change and deforestation are doing hers, plain and simple matter to take them. That is, the sum of all of them in the same tree is what makes the Empress Tree a great ally to save the planet and us.
They are the ones that give great value to improve the environment and have an important resource from the economic point of view. Although, of course, lovers of trees not see with good eyes the logging. But this is another story, more caring and beautiful, but also with a higher degree of utopia.